Living Space

In Germany, the termination of residential property is regulated by tenancy law. Here are some legal aspects and problems that can arise in connection with the termination of a contract for a flat/apartment:

1. **Ordinary termination:**

   - Landlords must have a justified reason for ordinary termination, for example, personal use or significant breaches of duty by the tenant.
   - The notice period for the tenant is generally 3 months. This means if you cancel the contract for renting a flat, the cancellation comes into effect 3 months later. You have to go on to pay rent for these 3 months.

2. **Termination for personal use:**

   - Landlords may terminate a tenancy for personal use, but must provide evidence of a comprehensible and serious need.
   - The balancing of interests between tenant and landlord plays an important role.

3. **Social termination:**

   - In certain cases, a termination can take place for social reasons, for example if the tenant is unable to move due to their age or state of health.

4. **Termination based on conduct:**

   - If the tenant is in serious breach of duty, such as late payment or disturbance of the peace, the landlord can terminate the tenancy without prior notification.

5. **Tenant protection:**

   - German tenancy law offers comprehensive protection for tenants, and notices of termination must be legally sound.
   - Tenant protection organizations ("Mieterschutzbund") or lawyers can check terminations for legality.

6. **Tenants' rights:**

   - Tenants have the right to reasonable notice periods and can legally defend themselves against unlawful terminations.
   - The rent freeze and other legal regulations protect tenants from excessive rents.

It is important to note that German tenancy law is complex and subject to change. If in doubt, legal advice should be sought, especially when it comes to specific situations or special regulations.